Residential school student Marieyvonne Alaka died and was buried in Quebec
By Jane Sponagle, CBC News Posted: Jul 17, 2016 5:45 AM CT Last Updated: Jul 18, 2016 7:42 AM CT
The only photo of Marieyvonne Alaka hangs on the wall of her mother’s home in Iqaluit. Her small face pokes out of her mother’s amauti.
The photo was taken in 1959, when Marieyvonne was just a few months old.
At age four, she was sent from her home in Igloolik, Nunavut, to the residential school in Chesterfield Inlet. Marieyvonne died in November 1967. She was just eight years old.
“The last time I saw her was when I was going on the plane for TB,” said Marieyvonne’s mother, Therese Ukaliannuk, in Inuktitut.
“Her father was holding her hands. She was very tiny and I can always picture her that way.”
For close to half a century, Marieyvonne’s family did not know where she died or where she was buried. Now, Ukaliannuk, 76, is preparing to visit her little girl’s grave for the first time.
“I am very grateful. I would not have been able to do this myself. And it took a lot of hard work for everyone, so I am very grateful that she is found.”
What happened to Marieyvonne?
Thanks to some digging done by a family friend, Martha Maliki, the family now knows more about what happened to Marieyvonne.
Marieyvonne’s health problems started with a head injury. She was being swung around on the playground by some classmates at the residential school in Chesterfield Inlet when she hit her head.
She was sent to Churchill, Man., to get treatment, but she contracted tuberculosis while she was there. It developed into TB meningitis, which left her with a severe disability.
She was sent from Churchill to Winnipeg to be treated for tuberculosis.
“They could not give her the treatment in Winnipeg. So then they sent her to Toronto,” Maliki told CBC Qulliq host Kevin Kablutsiak in Inuktitut.
Then Marieyvonne became a victim of government bureaucracy.
“As the federal government started to change its ways from governing us to the N.W.T. governing Inuit, they started changing locations of where treatments are going to be done,” Maliki said.
Marieyvonne was sent on to Montreal, but the proper treatment was not available. So she was moved one final time to Austin, Que., about 130 kilometres east of Montreal. That is where she died and was buried.
Solving the mystery
It was difficult to find out what happened to Marieyvonne because she was moved to so many hospitals across the country without her parents’ knowledge, said Maliki.
“At the time, the parents were supposed to sign to let her go out for treatment, but the officials didn’t even ask the parents to sign anything before she was sent to all of these places.”
Some of the challenges in finding Marieyvonne were because Inuit did not use last names at the time and names were changed through the Catholic church.
They were able to find Marieyvonne using her “Eskimo identification number” or “E-number.” The controversial numbering practice was started by the federal government in the 1940s to track Inuit by assigning a number on a tag worn around the neck or wrist.
“It really helped us to find her name, too, because they put her birth date under the E-number. So it saved us so much time because all this paperwork was not helping much and it took a lot of work to find her,” said Maliki.
They had help from the “Nanilavut: Let’s Find Them” program. It tries to bring closure to Inuit families who had relatives taken away for tuberculosis treatment in the 1940s and 1960s, who then died while away for treatment.
“There’s a lot of Inuit out there who are in the same situation and I hope they find their loved ones,” she said.
Inside Iqaluit’s bright yellow airport, Ukaliannuk and Maliki are checking in for their flight to Kuujjuaq, Que., and then on to Montreal. Their tickets were donated by a woman who won a contest with one of the northern airlines.
After decades of uncertainty, they are starting their 2,000 kilometre journey to visit Marieyvonne’s grave. Ukaliannuk said she is relieved and happy.
“Yes. I’m going to move forward now. So I feel the weight has been lifted off of me as we’re about to leave,” she said in Inuktitut.
The pair will visit the care facility in Austin where Marieyvonne spent her final days, the church where her memorial was held and her final resting place.
Ukaliannuk said when she is standing in the cemetery, she will think about her daughter, but she will also be thinking about her husband Lucien, who died in 2007, still searching for his little girl.
“He really wanted to find her before he passed away. He waited a long time for this day, and it seems to be going very fast but he didn’t make it to this day,” said Maliki.
With files from Jordan Konek and Kevin Kablutsiak